Driver Evaluation Resources
A. H. Van Zomeren, et al., Acquired brain damage and driving
Notes: Analyzes driving into Strategic, Tactical and Operational levels.

View / Download


Antrim, JM and Engum, ES The driving dilemma and the law
Notes: "Don't ask, don't tell" can equal negligence in brain injury rehabilitation. The best legal self-defense is the use of competent evaluation protocols for driving.

View / Download


Beatson, C. & Gianutsos, R. (2000) Personal transportation: the vital link to independence.Ch. 43 In M. Grabois, S.J. Garrison, K.A. Hart, & L.D. Lehmkuhl (Eds.) Physical medicine and rehabilitation: The complete approach. Blackwell Science, Inc, pp. 777-802..
Notes: Occupational therapist, Beatson, addresses the challenges of a broad range of physical disabilities for driving safety. Neuropsychologist Gianutsos addresses the role of cognitive impairment.

View / Download


Bedway, B. How to Help your Patients who Drive (Medical Economics)
Notes: This article was written for physicians.

View / Download


Gianutsos, R. Memo of Understanding
Notes: An example consent form for pre-driving advisement. It must be adapted according to state and local policy.

View / Download


Gianutsos, R. What Happens to Your New York State Drivers License ....
Notes: This statement was reviewed by the NY State Department of Motor Vehicles for accuracy (over 10 years ago). It may be used as a model for other states.

View / Download


Gianutsos, R. (1997) Driving and visual information processing in cognitively at risk and older individuals. In M. Gentile, Functional visual behavior: A therapist’s guide to evaluation and treatment options, American Occupational Therapy Assn., Ch. 10, 321-342.
Notes: An important emphasis in this chapter is the way disabilities combine to multiply risk. Many problems which are manageable in isolation - e.g., loss of binocularity, constriction of the visual field - are dangerous in combination.

View / Download


Gianutsos, R. A word to survivors of brain injury who would resume driving and their families. NYS Head Injury Assoc. Newsletter, 9 (1), Spring/Summer 1989.
Notes: Therapists have found this article useful early in the driving advisement process to urge families and would-be drivers to have a professional evaluation.

View / Download


Gianutsos, R. Driving advisement with the Elemental Driving Simulator (EDS): When less suffices. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 1994, 26(2), 183-186.
Notes: The article which introduced the EDS as a practical simulation of the cognitive elements of driving. Included are some data on older drivers and a case example.

View / Download


Gianutsos, R., Beattie, A. Elemental Driving Simulator, In Proceedings of The Johns Hopkins National Search for Computing Applications to Assist Persons with Disabilities. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society Press, 1992, 117-120.

Gianutsos, R., Campbell, A., Beattie, A, & Mandriota, F.J. The Driving Advisement System: A computer-augmented quasi-simulation of the cognitive prerequisites for resumption of driving after brain injury. Assistive Technology, 1992, 4(2), 70-86.
Notes: This article introduced the Driving Advisement System, the precursor to the EDS, and now used mostly to address pedal control and reaction time. The article includes a review of the state of driving advisement in the early 90's and principles of driving advisement.

View / Download


Gianutsos, R., DeLibero, V. (1999) Reported driving, self-appraisal and simulator performance in younger and older drivers. Proceedings of TRB 16th National Conference on Accessible Transportation & Mobility - Access & Mobility in the 21st Century, Phoenix, AZ, March 1-3, 1999.
Notes: Self-reported driving correlated highly (.69) with EDS performance; while self-appraisal of driving ability did not. Older drivers report self-restriction consonant with their abilities, as measured by the EDS. They continue, however, to feel that they are as capable as other drivers.

View / Download


Groeger, JA. (2000) Understanding driving: Applying cognitive psychology to a complex everyday task. East Sussex: Psychology Press, LTD.(http://www.psypress.co.uk)
Notes: This book is a comprehensive analysis and application of basic cognitive and visual science to driving. Discounted at www.walmart.com

Strano, Carmella Effects of visual deficits on ability to drive in trauma, brain-injury population.
Notes: A model for OT: careful analysis of driving integrated with a comprehensive understanding of how brain injury can affect vision.

View / Download


_ AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety: How to Help an Older Driver and other free printed materials.
Notes: http://www.aaafoundation.org/products/index.cfm?button=free

_ Costs of operating a car in the United States - An analysis by AAA shows that the true cost of driving is much greater than we think.
Notes: http://www.ouraaa.com/news/library/drivingcost/

_ Insurance Institute for Highway Safety - crashworthiness ratings
Notes: http://www.highwaysafety.org/vehicle_ratings/

_AARP 55 Alive Program - frequently asked questions.
Notes: http://www.aarp.org/55alive/faq.html

_ADED: Association for Driver Rehabilitation Specialists. Formerly known as the Association for Driver Educators of the Disabled. Check out the fact sheets and links.
Notes: http://www.driver-ed.org

_Drivers.com: An extensive collection of information resources about drivers and driving. The primary emphasis is on driver education.
Notes: http://www.drivers.com/

 

Home
Biographic
Materials

Clinical
Services

Tools and
Resources

EDS: Elemental
Driving Simulator

Links