Tools and

EDS: Elemental
Driving Simulator


Driver Rehabilitation Resources
Driver Rehabilitation Services offers clinical driving
          evaluation services in the metropolitan New York Area.

Elemental Driving Simulator

More Information About Driving:

"bizarre signs of the times..."

AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
     "How to Help an Older Driver," "Drivers 55+: Test Your Own Performance" and other free printed materials. Multiple copies of these booklets can be ordered without charge. You can also download the booklets as PDF files (www.aaafoundation.org/pdf/ODlarge.pdf and www.aaafoundation.org/pdf/driver55.pdf).

AARP 55 Alive Program
     frequently asked questions

AARP Older Drivers Information
     The mission of Seniordrivers.org is not to teach anyone how to drive; rather, our mission is two-fold: Present some simple demonstration exercises that can keep one's aging body both flexible and less tired, and Offer a set of "refresher" tips, some of which are presented in cutting-edge video format, to help seniors overcome some of the stickier situations found in everyday driving.

ACT Older Drivers Handbook
     Created by the Council on the Ageing in Australia, this book includes a self-assessment and a discussion of issues faced by older drivers, and tips for success.

Adaptive Mobility Services
     Adaptive Mobility is run by pioneers of driver rehabilitationtion, Occupational Therapists Susan Pierce and Carol Blackburn. They have had a hand in educating most of the Driver Rehabilitation Specialists in the US. Check out their courses! Located in central Florida, they offer services to enhance a person\\\'s mobility & independence in the home and community.

ADED: Association for Driver Rehabilitation Specialists
     Formerly known as the Association for Driver Educators of the Disabled. Check out the fact sheets and links

Agile - AGed people Integration, mobility, safety and quality of Life Enhancement through driving
     AGILE has two general aims: (1)developing knowledge to establish rational pan-European policies for delivering certification of fitness to drive and (2) helping the elderly to continue to drive safely for as long as possible. Check out the "deliverables" - detailed reports of this organized project spanning most of the European continent.

Alzheimer's, Dementia and Driving
     A booklet published by the Hartford Insurance Company

Alzheimer\'s Dementia and Driving
     More than 4 million people in the U.S. are afflicted with dementia, with Alzheimer\'s Disease being the most common form. Deciding when to limit or stop driving can be a confusing issue for individuals diagnosed with dementia and their caregivers. Earlier diagnosis and better medications may allow people to drive longer, further complicating the decision. Most information about dementia warns against driving, but does not describe when or how to stop. The Hartford Financial Services Group, Inc., the MIT Age Lab and Connecticut Community Care, Inc., have developed a guide to Alzheimer\'s Disease, Dementia and Driving as a tool to help individuals and caregivers determine when it is time to stop driving.

Arizona DOT Automated Driver Testing Report
     This is the first study of its kind to present new, comprehensive, and automated testing systems with tremendous potential to revolutionize transportation licensing policies and procedures. We offer global survey development and implementation, literature reviews, and a comprehensive study of driving risks commonly associated with aging and disease in two states with significant proportions of older drivers. (Note: the full report is 440 pp.)

Black Box to monitor in-car driving
     Designed by Road Safety to monitor driving and seat belt use by teens, this product might be useful in evaluation of at cognitively at-risk drivers.

Bryn Mawr Rehab Hospital Adapted Driving Program
     In Malverne, PA, since 1983, Bryn Mawr Rehab Hospital\'s Driver Rehabilitation Program has provided objective driving evaluations, specialized equipment and training for people with disabilities or aging issues. We work to enhance your quality of life and increase your independence through a driving program tailored to your unique needs.

CARD: Concerned Americans for Responsible Driving
     Following the death of their 21 year old son who was hit by an elderly driver, this family started CARD to advocate for legislation/education on impaired driving.

Contrast Sensitivity Test Online
     On-line contrast sensitivity testing with feedback showing impact on driving scene.

Costs of operating a car in the United States
     An analysis by AAA shows that the true cost of driving is much greater than we think.

Defensive Driving Course
     On-line course sponsored by the National Safety Council. May be used in many states to reduce points and insurance rates.

Driver Consultation and Intervention - by Dr. Gianutsos
     in Handbook for the Assessment of Driving Capacity (2009) Maria T. Schultheis, John DeLuca, Douglas Chute (eds.) Dr. Gianutsos introduces a consultative approach to helping cognitively at-risk individuals and families make rational decisions about driving.

     An extensive collection of information resources about drivers and driving. The primary emphasis is on driver education

Drivewell - links to other resources
     The Drivewell program lists the premier materials available, most of them for free!

Drivewell Program
     A major national effort to promote driving safety in seniors through the dissemination of information and access to expert resources. The DriveWell Toolkit was developed by the American Society on Aging and funded through the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to promote older driver safety and mobility. The DriveWell Program: Provides technical assistance through the Experts in an ongoing capacity, including offering additional orientation to new resources that become available. Their website serves as the hub for sharing experiences and learning among Experts conducting orientations to local professionals and older adults and their loved ones.

Driving Safely while Aging Gracefully
     This booklet, developed by the USAA Educational Foundation, AARP, and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, outlines the physical changes associated with aging, as well as tips on coping with them so that older drivers can remain safe drivers.

Eye and the Auto
     Detroit Institute of Ophthalmology has an informative newsletter and annual conference on vision and automobile safety. The Eye and The Auto is published four times a year by the not-for-profit Detroit Institute of Ophthalmology (DIO), offering news and commentary on the relationship between vision, advances in technology and the safe operation of a motor vehicle. Public Policy, Command and Control, Integrated Safety Systems, and Mobility/Wireless/Telematics are among the subject areas covered in each issue. The DIO provides The Eye and The Auto as a free service to subscribers.

FARS - Fatality Analysis Reporting System
     NHTSA decided in 1996 to make FARS data easier to obtain by using Internet technology. This FARS Web-Based Encyclopedia offers a more intuitive and powerful approach for retrieving fatal crash information.

Fitzgerald's Driving School
     Richard Sanzano, Driver Rehabilitation Specialist in Long Island, NY, offers adaptive driving services at Fitzgerald's privately and through VESID*. Fitzgerald's Driving School Inc. currently has more than twenty driver training cars on the road. Three of these cars are equipped with adaptive controls such as, full hand controls (push/pull or right angle) left foot accelerator, steering wheel spinner (left or right handed), directional signals (left or right handed), gas and brake extensions and full view mirrors (vision and/or hearing impaired).

Gianutsos, R. What Happens to Your New York State Drivers License ....
     This statement was reviewed by the NY State Department of Motor Vehicles for accuracy (over 10 years ago). It may be used as a model for other states.

     American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators and its partners in the District of Columbia, Maryland and Virginia, have created \"GrandDriver\", a pilot program that provides information about aging and driving.

Groeger, JA. (2000) Understanding driving: Applying cognitive psychology to a complex everyday task. East Sussex: Psychology Press, LTD.
      This book is a comprehensive analysis and application of basic cognitive and visual science to driving. Discounted at www.walmart.com

How to approach elderly parents about their driving
     Thoughtful, practical advice - Initiating a dialogue about safe driving Before you talk to your parents about driving safety How to talk to your parents about driving safety Next steps: what to do before your parents give up driving

I Promise Program
     An innovative program to address the problems of teen driving.

Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
     crashworthiness ratings

Medical Conditions and Driving
     Literature review and summary recommendations published by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (USA) in September 2005, 162 pp. This report reviews the contribution of medical conditions and functional limitations (e.g., sensory, motor, or cognitive functioning) to motor vehicle crashes. It provides a comprehensive and up-to-date review of the international research literature on the effects of medical and functional conditions on driving performance. The report is divided into 15 sections (Introduction, Vision, Hearing, Cardiovascular Diseases, Cerebrovascular Diseases, Peripheral Vascular Diseases, Diseases of the Nervous System, Respiratory Diseases, Metabolic Diseases, Renal Diseases, Muscuoloskeletal Disabilities, Psychiatric Diseases, Drugs, The Aging Driver, and the Effects of Anesthesia and Surgery). Each section contains a brief overview of the condition/illness; prevalence information; a review of the medical, gerontological, and epidemiological literature relevant to the condition/illness, followed by current fitness to drive guidelines for the condition/illness from Canada and Australia. The Appendix presents preliminary guidelines for physicians to assess medical fitness-to-drive. The report is a scholarly but practical compendium that can serve as a valuable resource for physicians, rehabilitation practitioners, other allied health care professionals and educators, Department of Motor Vehicle personnel, road and traffic safety personnel, transportation planners, highway safety researchers, and public policymakers. Its value is particularly relevant as the driving population increases in size and age.

Meltzer\'s Driver Training Center
      Matt Meltzer, Certified Driver Rehabilitation Specialist in Dutchess County NY, offers regular and adaptive driving services privately and through VESID (when eligible). Adaptive Driving Aids available at Meltzer\'s Driver Training Center include full hand controls (push/pull or right angle) left foot accelerator, steering wheel spinner (left or right handed with varied orthotics), directional signals (left or right handed), electronic secondary driving controls, gas and brake extensions and full view mirrors (for vision and/or hearing impaired). Check out his website www.drivingAcar.com for details and many useful links.

Mobility Services, Inc.
     Adaptive equipment and vans in NYC: 41-08 23rd Road, Astoria, NY 11105. This listing is based on location (in NYC) only.

National Safe Driving Test & Initiative
     "Drive for Life": Challenging ourselves to become safer drivers.

National Safety Council - Driver Safety
     A wealth of useful information from this venerable organization which advocates for safety in driving and other aspects of our lives.

NYS Office of the Aging's "When you are concerned"
     A handbook for families, friends and caregivers worried about the safety of an aging driver. It is particularly strong on alternative mobility strategies and the psychological and emotional aftermath of driving cessation. It encourages advanced planning, e.g., "You are not going to be able to drive your car to the cemetery, hand over the keys and step down into the box!"

Occupational Therapists and Driving
     Occupational therapists trained in driver rehabilitation understand the critical demands of driving and how our ability to move about our community affects the quality of our lives. Occupational therapists have the science-based knowledge to understand progressive conditions and life changes that can affect driving. Sponsored by the American Occupational Therapy Association, this extensive web site contains resources for individuals, families and professionals.

Older Driver Facts
     from the Federal Highway Administration

Older Driver Facts from CDC
     Center for Disease Control Fact Sheet for Older Drivers

On Line Driving Exam
     Some items are specific to New Jersey; however, this is interesting to try. You can score it on line.

Parkinsons and driving
     The men with Parkinson\'s disease did worse than the healthy men on all of the laboratory and driving tests, especially in regard to visual short-term memory, decision-making time, and information processing. They had difficulty making left turns and driving in city traffic, and they committed more \"risky faults and offenses\" on the 45-minute driving test. The neurologist\'s assessments of patients\' driving ability were \"much more optimistic\" than those of the psychologist and the driving instructor and tended to overestimate patients\' skills. \"Our joint opinion is that we should place more trust on the driving instructor\'s and the psychologist\'s results, as their estimates are directly based on traffic specific information,\" the researchers write. The patients who were ranked by the driving instructor as unable to drive safely described their own skills as \"satisfactory or even good,\" the investigators note

Physician's Guide to Assessing and Counseling Older Drivers
     This Physician's Guide to Assessing and Counseling Older Drivers was developed by the American Medical Association in cooperation with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Quizzes about driving

Re-Tech Associates - Juergen & Gail Babirad
     A full service driving school offering the 5hr. pre-licensing course, 6hr. point and insurance reduction course, private lessons, and evaluations and training for students and adults with disabilties. They are located south of Albany, NY

Road Sign Test
     From the NY State Department of Motor Vehicles driver\'s manual

Roadwise Review
     AAA Roadwise Review: A Tool to Help Seniors Drive Safely Longer is a scientifically validated screening tool developed by AAA and noted transportation safety researchers. Available on CD-ROM, this tool allows seniors to measure in the privacy of their own home the eight functional abilities shown to be the strongest predictors of crash risk among older drivers. The abilities tested in Roadwise ReviewT include: Leg Strength and General Mobility Head/Neck Flexibility High- and Low-Contrast Visual Acuity Working Memory Visualization of Missing Information Visual Search Useful Field of View

Safe Mobility for Older People: Notebook
     Transportation Research Board Report on issues related to the mobility of older drivers, especially driving.

Safety Belt Use in 2005 ─ Use Rates in the States and Territories
     Check out how your state is doing! In 2005, safety belt use in the United States ranged from 60.8 percent use in Mississippi to 95.3 percent in Hawaii. These results are from probability-based observational surveys conducted by 50 States and U.S. Territories in accordance with criteria established by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) to ensure reliable results. Compliance with the criteria is verified annually by NHTSA’s National Center for Statistics and Analysis.

Should Parkinsons patients drive?
     Researchers found a direct link in the likelihood of driving accidents with the disease\'s progression. Nearly all of the 39 Parkinson\'s patients who were tested in a driving simulator were involved in collisions. And while most of them admitted the disease made it harder to operate a car, half continued their pre-diagnosis driving habits with no reduction in time behind the wheel.

The Teen Driver
     Consensus statement with analysis and recommendations. Issued in 2006. Thoughtful, practical and well-documented.

Transportation Safety statistics
     This site by the U.S. Department of Transportation is a resource for transportation researchers and analysts, aimed at providing “one stop shopping” for transportation data. Studies include Airport Congestion, Highway Traffic Safety, Recreational Boating Accidents, and much more.

Wheelchairs in vehicles - safety considerations
     The take-home message: it is safer to transfer to your vehicle's seats and use the safety belts and airbags.